It is called acetone to a liquid that is part of the group of ketones: organic compounds that have a functional group such carbonyl linked to a pair of carbon atoms. This colorless liquid is often used as a solvent and in the production of different elements.
As explained by Digopaul, acetone has a particular aroma and a sweet taste. It is a volatile compound, the evaporation of which occurs easily. Acetone is soluble in contact with water and, on the other hand, it is flammable.
For the industrial manufacture of acetone, it is common to resort to a process that involves hydrolysis and that makes it possible to produce, as a co-product, another substance called phenol.
The people with diabetes and other diseases often have acetone in your urine. This is because, as the cells do not have the necessary amount of insulin, the body cannot convert glucose into energy and uses fat for this purpose. Thus acetone appears in the blood and then reaches the urine.
The nature, moreover, acetone occurs in various plants. Volcano gases and smoke from forest and tobacco fires are other sources of acetone.
Acetone, on the other hand, can be used to produce nail polish removers since, due to its characteristics, it allows to easily remove the enamel from the nails. Also for its properties, this chemical compound is used to make stain removers. Various drugs and plastics are other products that include acetone among its components.
Risks of contact with acetone
The health of human beings can be compromised when exposed to acetone, and this can occur in various ways, such as the following:
* through respiration, since there can be low levels of acetone in the environment without our knowing it;
* also inhaling it, but at high levels, something that can occur in factories or when using certain chemicals such as paint, nail polish and household hygiene items;
* ingest food, drink liquids or directly touch any product that contains acetone;
* In the case of children, often dirt or sand in their mouths while playing in public parks, and this can lead to consuming acetone unintentionally, especially if they are in the vicinity of a landfill of toxic waste;
* through tobacco smoke, either directly or indirectly.
Taking into account the situations in which we can come into contact with acetone, let’s see how this compound affects our health. After exposure to acetone, it reaches the blood, the medium that transports it to all our organs. If we breathe moderate to high levels, even for a short time, some of the following symptoms may appear:
* damage to the respiratory system and eyes;
* dizziness, trouble thinking clearly, and headaches;
* increased heart rate;
* vomiting or nausea;
* unconsciousness with risk of coma;
* women can suffer the alteration of their menstrual cycle, more precisely that its duration is shortened. Also, if the exposure is very long and the levels are very high, the chances of birth defects increase in your future children.
Similarly, similar symptoms can occur after oral acetone ingestion, including lesions on the skin of the mouth. It is important to note that there are certain signs of the presence of acetone in the air, which can help us to move away from a site with excessive levels: burning eyes and irritation of the nostrils are two clear examples.