The word aerobic is an adjective that is used to indicate everything that pertains or relates to a life in an environment that contains molecular oxygen and aerobic organisms.
Aerobic expression is related to aerobic exercises, this term means “with oxygen” and, therefore, is that physical activity that, through rapid and rhythmic movements, requires an effort of the heart and lungs to provide oxygen to the muscle cells and caloric expenditure.
Some aerobic exercises are: walking, running, swimming, dancing (bailoterapia or zumba), jumping, cycling, among others. Likewise, the practice of aerobic exercises produces a series of advantages such as: lowering blood pressure, lowering cholesterol levels, reducing blood glucose levels, improving lung capacity, improving cardiovascular performance, and so on.
On the other hand, eukaryotic organisms and some bacteria perform aerobic respiration, as they are beings that need oxygen (called aerobes) to perform their functions. Aerobic respiration is carried out at the cellular level and in the mitochondria, it is carried out in several phases: in the first the glucose molecule is oxidized and divided into pyruvic acid molecules, then, it enters the mitochondria where it is oxidized until release CO2 and then hydrogen is bound to coenzymes and is transferred to molecular oxygen with water formation.
Aerobics and anaerobics
Anaerobic exercises are characterized by their high intensity and short duration since they do not need oxygen. Anaerobic exercises are all those that require a great effort in a short time. The purpose of anaerobic exercises is to strengthen the muscles, that is, tone the body, develop flexibility.
In turn, aerobic exercises are identified by their long duration and constant intensity.