Anatomy is the science that studies the structure and morphology of living beings. It is a proper term of Biology.
This term comes from the Latin anatomĭa, and in turn from the Greek ἀνατομία, derived from the word ἀνατέμνειν (‘cut along’) and formed with the terms ἀνά (aná, ‘up’) and τέμνειν, (témnein, ‘ cut’).
It applied to the study of the human being is called human anatomy. This term is also used to refer to the very structure of a living being or its organs.
Some examples of the anatomy study object are dental anatomy, brain anatomy and eye anatomy.
Anatomy and physiology
Anatomy and physiology are two complementary disciplines. The first is primarily devoted to the study of the structure and morphology of living beings, while the second focuses on the analysis of their functions.
Applied anatomy or clinical anatomy is the study of the structure and morphology of the organs of a living being in relation to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. It involves the practical application of knowledge about anatomy. It is also the name of an academic discipline.
Pathological anatomy is a type of applied anatomy, framed within the branch of Medicine and that studies diseases and their diagnosis through the analysis of macro and microscopic samples.
Pathological anatomy is also the name of a subject of Medicine and a medical specialty whose professionals are called pathologists.
Comparative anatomy studies the morphological and structural differences and similarities between living beings. It is especially used in the study of animals. It allows to establish common points of different parts of an organism and identify evolutionary changes.
Comparative anatomy is used in various fields such as Paleontology or in medical research.
Descriptive anatomy or systematic anatomy is the study of the structure and morphology of the body of a living being through the study of its organs, devices and systems independently. It focuses on the description of forms rather than their functions.
Assumes a different concept to the topographic anatomy is studied areas or areas of a body in its entirety, for example in the posterior forearm different systems such as circulatory and nervous systems would be studied.