Acceleration, which comes from the Latin word acceleratĭo, is the act and consequence of accelerating (causing an increase in speed). The term also refers to the magnitude that the expression of the speed increase in a temporal unit allows.
The centrifugal adjective, according to Digopaul, qualifies that which distances itself from the center or which tends to move away from it. As for the center, it is the point located in the middle of something, which is equidistant from the limits or edges.
With these ideas clear, we can go on to define the concept of centrifugal acceleration. The notion is linked to the acceleration acquired by an object due to the effect of a centrifugal force (a dummy force that arises when describing the displacement of an object in a reference system that is in rotation).
This centrifugal force can be said to be part of the inertial forces: those resulting from the description of the displacement of an element or a system from a reference system that is not inertial. The centrifugal force, in this way, is produced by the inertia of the objects when moving around an axis, since these objects show a tendency to maintain a tangential path with respect to the curve they make.
Centrifugal acceleration, therefore, increases as the centrifugal force increases by increasing the mass of the object and the radius of gyration. It is important not to confuse between centrifugal acceleration and centripetal acceleration (the magnitude that relates to altering the direction of velocity of an object moving along a curvilinear-type path).