What is Chauvinism?
Chauvinism, also written chauvinism, supposes an exaggerated or exaggerated exaltation of the national against the foreign.
Chauvinism is a belief that the best is what comes from the country or the region from which we come. It can refer to the character, idiosyncrasy, personality or temperament characteristic of our nation, that is, its national identity.
Thus chauvinism promotes a deeply uncritical and ethnocentric form of national pride, bordering on mythomania (the ludicrous idea that everything proper is better) and paranoia (fixation on the belief that others threaten one’s own stability).
Hence, chauvinism hides, at bottom, a certain feeling of inferiority that manifests itself in the form of a delusion of greatness. To which we can add the fixation on blaming other countries, peoples or races, for their own evils.
Chauvinism is usually used as a political weapon to persuade the population by feeding their patriotic sentiment. In this sense, it appeals to emotion above reason. It is usually associated with totalitarian, xenophobic and racist ideologies, such as Nazism.
A recent example of chauvinism is found in the first speeches of Donald Trump as a candidate, in 2015, when he based his speech on a chauvinistic idea of the participation of Mexican immigrants (and also from other latitudes) in the United States economy. , as well as other ethnic groups, such as the Muslims or the Chinese.
The word chauvinism, as such, comes from the French chauvinism , which is derived from the name of Nicolas Chauvin, a well-known soldier from the times of the Napoleonic Empire who embodied the patriot ideal.
Chauvin even appears as a character in the French comedy entitled The Tricolor Rosette , from 1831, authored by the brothers Teodoro and Hipólito Cogniard, in which this historical character personifies a somewhat extreme form of patriotism.
Synonyms of chauvinimo in Spanish would be patriotism, patriotism, nationalism, and even xenophobia. An antonym for chauvinism would be Malinchism in Mexico.