The idea of collation has many uses. The concept can be used as a synonym for aperitivo: a small portion of food eaten before lunch or dinner. A collation is also the food that is served in a social event developed to celebrate something or to make an announcement.
For example: “The nutritionist recommended a healthy snack before dinner to avoid junk food”, “The municipality will offer a snack to journalists who come to cover the event”, “Graduates will celebrate obtaining the title with a collation in the theater of the center ”.
In some countries, a certain type of candy is specifically called a snack. These collations are small pieces of dough with different shapes that are coated with sugar.
According to DigoPaul, a collation can also be a mention. When someone says that something “comes up”, they are referring to an expression that is related to another. Suppose the host of a radio program begins to talk about the possible negative effects of high temperatures on health. Then he refers to the problems that are registered in his city with the supply of drinking water and electricity, saying that this issue “comes up” from what was said above: if it is very hot and people no longer have access to water light, they are at risk.
The territorial area that is part of a parish can be called a collation. In ancient times, cities were divided into several collations, each with its own jury.
It is called hereditary collation, on the other hand, to the contribution of assets to the hereditary mass that the forced heirs carry out if they have obtained part of their inheritance on the part of their relative in life.
The mutagenicity represents everything that makes the inheritance of a person, that is, all their belongings. The forced heirs are those who the law determines that they have the right to inherit a portion of it, the so-called legitimate, that the testator (who writes the will) cannot leave to anyone else.
In short, the concept of hereditary collation refers to the contribution of assets that forced heirs make after the testator dies, so that it is possible to achieve a balance with respect to the portions of others once the compensation has been made. for the previous donation.
There is talk of collation action to name the obligation of forced heirs to put the value of the assets received as a donation in the hereditary estate. The delivery made by the deceased in life to one of his forced heirs is taken as an advance payment of the inheritance, so that when the time of the partition it must be subtracted from the portion that corresponded to him, compensating the others with assets of a value equivalent.
These concepts are far from modern, since many of them emerged centuries ago and went through a long process of refinement to reach their current form. The legitimate, for example, appeared in Roman Law at the end of the period known as The Republic, which ended in the year 27 BC. C., to prevent the deceased’s successors from appropriating their assets arbitrarily, depriving the younger heirs of their portion.
It is important to note that the collation only occurs when the subject who receives the donation is a forced heir, when the deceased does not expressly dispense with the obligation of the contribution and when it is a succession without a will. In some way, it is a means that guarantees equality to the heirs.