As social welfare we call the set of factors that are combined so that the members of a society can meet their fundamental needs and, consequently, have optimal levels of quality of life.
Social well-being is expressed in different aspects of the social life of the population: in access to education, health, food, housing or consumer goods, etc.
Some economic data that reality shows, such as income per capita, gross domestic product (GDP), income distribution, unemployment rate and poverty rates, among others, allow us to measure just one of the objective aspects Social welfare: the economic well-being of the country, its ability to produce goods and services and the access of its citizens to them.
However, social factors also influence welfare, such as access to the health system, the level of education, the sense of security, citizen freedom, equality, social justice, a healthy environment and the possibility of personal fulfillment of its members. In this sense, social welfare goes hand in hand with human development.
However, in the measurement of the social welfare of a community, the subjective perception of citizens about the reality in which they live is also considered, which is analyzed through studies and surveys.